（一）根據研究結果而得出某個推論：通常使用現在式，亦常使用臆測動詞如 appear,suggest, seem 或語態助動詞 may。
It appears that because of their greater accumulated flying time, civilian pilot are subject to a higher incidence of back pain.
The level of indentation may have an effect on students’ test scores.
These findings suggest that women strongly prefer slower music.
may 或 can 之現在式動詞（此動詞有時候為被動語態）。 That 子句可能會使用現在式、現在式加上 may 或過去式。
The higher incidence of back pain in civilian pilots may be due to their greater accumulated flying time.
These results can be explained by the difference between the learning styles of the two groups of subjects.
One reason (A possible explanation) for this group’s higher scores may be that the group was already accustomed to working with Pascal.
This may have occurred because the reaction used up all the oxygen.
It seems (appears, is likely, possible) that the drug reduces the frequency and intensity of allergic reactions). or The drug appears to reduce ….
These data (These results) indicate (suggest, imply) that …..
These results agree well with the findings of Smith, et al. (1990).
These data are consistent with earlier findings showing that mice avoid bitter foods.
These data show that the proposed method is faster and more accurate than the conventional method.
The theoretical model fits the experimental data well.
The theoretical model agrees well with the experimental data.
There is a high level of agreement between A and B.
The data conform closely to the predictions of the model.
The data indicate that the model is reliable and accurate.
The experimental measurements are very close to the predicted values.