Dueduedue官方博客
掃描關注Dueduedue官方博客

掃描添加微信客服

有了essay的結構:看看【Essay代寫】標準段落寫作范例

Dueduedue官方博客?2017-07-20?essay代寫? 1154? 0?A+A-

1.jpg

了解essay的結構,接下來示范如何寫essay段的開頭、內容、及結尾。

A. 開頭(主題句)–作者對主題的看法

每段都要有一個「主題句」,將你的「論點」和「主題」的關系建立起來。主題句陳述作者對主題的立場或看法。

譬如,我想寫關于「抽煙」,重點擺在「抽煙與費用」的關系,看下面的主題句如何建立這兩者的關系:

Smoking can be an expensive habit.

這句中,主題是Smoking,「昂貴」(expensive) 是我的看法(論點),有了主題句,讀者 (尤其是西方讀者) 就馬上可以意會到我這段的目的。 (請注意,主題句的位置不是一定要在每段的第一句,但擺在第一句是一種不容易離題的寫法。)

B. 內容 – 解釋看法

如前面所提,作者必須提出適當的證據或作說明來支持自己的看法,因為,讀者想知道「作者為什么這樣認為」。延續「抽煙」這個題目,我必須在這段里「說清楚,講明白」為什么抽煙是昂貴的嗜好。最常用的兩個方法:

a. 申論

方法一 (邏輯推論):

Smoking is addicting, and as people become addicted, their spending on this habit is likely to increase.

Smoking can be an expensive habit because it is addicting. Addicted people tend to smoke more and, as a result, spend more on this habit.

(采用A = B, B = C, 則 A = C (主題句)的邏輯。其中,A – smoking, B – addiction, C–more spending = expensive)

方法二 (具體的解釋):

Assuming the average price of a pack of cigarettes is 50 dollars, if people smoke a pack a day it will cost them 50 dollars a day, or 18,250 dollars a year. However, if they smoke two packs a day because of addiction, their annual smoking expenditures double, going up to a staggering amount of 36,500 dollars.

同樣用「煙癮」當理由,但運用數字的變化,突顯「昂貴」這個論點。

b. 舉例

Take my cousin Tony for example. He smokes a pack of cigarettes a day, which costs fifty dollars, so he spends some fifteen hundred dollars on the habit every month. But to his surprise, there is another unexpected expense to cover other than the price of cigarettes. Because smoking often gives out smoke offensive to nonsmokers, Tony has to clean his clothes, his furniture, and his car more often to get rid of the odor than if he does not smoke. So at the end of every month, he finds himself spending an additional couple of thousand dollars on cleaning alone.

「舉例」是另一個使你的論點具說服力的方法,運用實例,帶出費用,增加信服力。

C. 結尾 – 摘要本段重點

在充份解釋完我的論點,我作個總結:

For many smokers, 50 dollars a day for cigarettes may be a small token, but the compounding effect of addiction would easily double that amount and cost them hugely in a year’s time, making smoking a costly habit.

(以「煙癮」當理由的結尾)

As one can see, the price of cigarettes is not the only cost to smokers; the additional cleaning fee associated with smoking makes it an expensive habit to take on.

(以「不同費用」當理由的結尾)

這兩種結尾只說明一件事–抽煙是昂貴的,并未影射或強調「抽煙好或不好」,也沒有建議「癮君子要如何做」,因為這些都跟我的論點無關。

將以上各句串聯在一起,形成完整的一段如下:

范例1 — 以「煙癮」當理由的寫法:

Smoking can be an expensive habit because of addiction. Addicted people tend to smoke more and, as a result, spend more on this habit. Assuming a pack of cigarettes costs 50 dollars, if people smoke a pack a day it will cost them 50 dollars a day, or 18,250 dollars a year. But if they smoke two packs a day—because of addiction, their yearly smoking expenses double easily, going up to a staggering amount of 36,500 dollars. For many smokers, 50 dollars a day for cigarettes may be a small token, but the compounding effect of addiction could easily double that amount and cost them hugely in a year's time, making smoking a costly habit.

范例2 — 以「不同費用」當理由的寫法:

Smoking can be an expensive habit. Take my cousin Tony for example. He smokes a pack of cigarettes a day, which costs fifty dollars, so he spends some fifteen hundred dollars on the habit every month. But to his surprise, there is another unexpected expense to cover as a result of this habit. Because smoking cigarettes often gives out smoke offensive to nonsmokers, Tony has to clean his clothes, his furniture, and his car more often to get rid of the odor than if he does not smoke. So at the end of every month, he finds himself spending an additional couple of thousand dollars at least on cleaning. As one can see, the price of cigarettes is not the only cost to smokers; the additional cleaning expense associated with smoking makes it an expensive habit to take on.

從以上寫作范例,很明顯essay寫法有別于中文,這就是為什么不建議先寫中文,再翻成英文,兩者寫作結構的差異,不是文法、句型、或用字可以取代。

Dueduedue論文服務-【essay代寫】【assignment代寫】全球在線寫作中心

文章關鍵詞
essay寫作技巧
essay 代寫
如何寫好essay
essay應該怎么寫
essay格式
essay找人代寫
發表評論

在線客服

售前咨詢
售后咨詢
微信號
Essay_Cheery
微信
美国代写_北美作业代写招聘_essay代写推荐-报酬高于同行10%!